Bi Luo Chun tea tourism

How BiLuoChun is made

How BiLuoChun is made on Chái Lín Jūn’s tea farm

picking, sorting, sha qing, rolling, drying, sipping

QingMing, April 5th 2014

Bi Luo Chun craftsmanship Pottery tea tourism YangXianXueYa zisha clay

Yixing we are coming back

Just about one week to go and we’ll be back in Yixing just in time for this years tea season. I plan to pick and make as much tea as I can and I might post about it here too so stay tuned…

Bi Luo Chun tea YangXianXueYa

Chái Lín Jūn’s 2011 harvest

I finally managed to visit Chái Lín Jūn’s tea-farm just 2 days in of this years harvest.
Here an impression of, no, not the high quality tea they produce there, but of the rubbish that was deemed unfit and discarded during the sorting.

Although the tea trees have of course been planted and are cultivated there on the farm, they are allowed to grow almost as they would in the wild. No cutting for accelerated growth nor shaping for machine harvesting. It makes it a bit harder to pick the tea but that’s well worth it.

For larger versions of all images please click them.

Chái Lín Jūn does not machine harvest nor does he produce autumn tea. The reason for that is quality. Farmers who do produce and offer autumn teas here in China almost all use pesticides, even the so called organic ones. International tea importers are well aware of that and do test samples, but please don’t let me spoil your autumn greens should you like them, as at least on the international market they are fairly save to consume. Anyways, I personally tend to avoid them here.

Once the picking is done, usually in the early afternoon hours, the sorting starts immediately followed by shāqīng also known as kill-green.

For kill green and the first pre-shaping 2 machines are used, the rest of the process is done by hand. A wood fired air-oven is preheated.

The tea looks like this when it comes out the machine that helps squeezing the leaves a little and releasing the tea oils.

From there it goes onto the heated air to be hand-rolled with distinct movements.

I grabbed a handful almost finished tea and took this shot so you can compare and see how it started to curl up, changed its color and the little white hair started to show.

A few minutes later I enjoyed the first glass and as you can see, the little white hair made it all the way in there. MMMmMMMM, so delicious.


All tea made pre-qingming (before the 5th) is rather pricey and not much of it is available as Chái Lín Jūn’s farm is not industrial scale….

….however, if someone really really wants to have some of this fine pre-qingming green in their cups email me (as long as it is for personal use in a reasonable limited amount) or check the menu on the right hand side for varieties picked a bit later.

tea Uncategorized YangXianXueYa

2011 Yixing Tea Harvest

This year the tea harvest started a bit later due to the weather conditions but now finally it’s time.

For one reason or another I still didn’t manage to go visit Chái Lín Jūn’s tea-farm to take some pictures despite them already picking now the second day. 

In between we’ve been here though.

Fruit and other trees are grown between the tea bushes. Still without leaves this time of year but during the hot summer months their shade will protect the tea plants as well as keep them small and leaves tender.

The tea factory that produces from these fields was in Japanese hands before but has been sold back since then I’ve been told.


Inside its very roomy and clean.



Fairly modern equipment is being used to produce the tea.


Still handmade, but the temperature controlled and hot-air powered machines give an impressive result.

A whole day of picking with 140 workers on the 30th of March 2011 resulted in this much tea ->


Not exactly a lot and no one thinks they made any profit that day, but the quality is very fine indeed.

There was practically no sorting of tea done that first day as everything picked looked like the above.
In the next few days to come volume will increase of course.  Like on Facebook

tea YangXianXueYa

What I’ve been drinking?

YangXian Snow LeafInspired by TeaChat I’ll share what I have been drinking recently.

It was about one hour after lunch, and I had some excellent 2010 YangXianXueYa.

YangXian is the old name for Yixing and XueYa means snow leaf.

YangXianXueYa in glass on my table
I enjoyed my YangXianSnowLeaf  tea directly from a simple glas.

The new harvest for 2011’s YangXianXueYa is almost within reach, only a few weeks to go.

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Literature tea

Tea in literature – II

Sie saßen und tranken am Teetisch,
Und sprachen von Liebe viel.
Die Herren waren ästhetisch,
Die Damen von zartem Gefühl.

Die Liebe muß sein platonisch,
Der dürre Hofrat sprach.
Die Hofrätin lächelt ironisch,
Und dennoch seufzet sie: Ach!

Der Domherr öffnet den Mund weit:
Die Liebe sei nicht zu roh,
Sie schadet sonst der Gesundheit.
Das Fräulein lispelt: Wie so?

Die Gräfin spricht wehmütig:
Die Liebe ist eine Passion!
Und präsentieret gütig
Die Tasse dem Herrn Baron.

Am Tische war noch ein Plätzchen;
Mein Liebchen, da hast du gefehlt.
Du hättest so hübsch, mein Schätzchen,
Von deiner Liebe erzählt.

[Heinrich Heine]

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Literature tea

Tea in literature

Tea tempers the spirits and harmonizes the mind,
dispels lassitude and relieves fatigue,
awakens thought and prevents drowsiness,
lightens or refreshes the body,
and clears the perceptive faculties.


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Bi Luo Chun tea

How Bi Luo Chun tea is made

As promised in my last post when I wrote about Bi Luo Chun tea, this time I will write a bit about how that tea is actually made. The tea leaves are plucked in the early morning hours each spring starting from the beginning of March. The earlier in spring the tea is picked the higher its quality. The harvests grade lowers gradually throughout spring as the tea buds get bigger. Only the terminal bud with an adjacent leaf is being picked and usually less than 2cm in size.

Bi Luo Chun is hand sorted and anything that is not a young tea bud with a slightly opened leave is being removed.

One kilogram of very high grade Bi Luo Chun can consist of  up to 15,000 tea shoots.

Once the sorting process for the day is finished the roasting process is being done the same evening. The roasting starts at a high temperature of about 200°C (390°F) to stop the fermentation process. This step is called  kill-green or shāqīng (殺青). The heat deactivates the enzymes which would otherwise change the teas flavour. The longer the leaves are allowed to oxidize the darker they get until eventually it would become black tea. Our Bi Luo Chun of course is not allowed to ferment that long and gets in the wok right away. It only takes about 3-5 minutes.

In the next half hour step the leaves get their distinctive shape. Bi Luo Chun making requires some practice to master the technique and so there are even competitions for it, as you can see in the picture. The wok temperature is now only at about 70°C (160°F) and the moisture in the leaves is reduced to around 30%.

Over the next 15minutes at 50°C (120°F) the moisture reduces further to below 20%, the tea leaves spiral up and lump together and the little white hair starts to show.

In the last step, at only about human body temperature, the drying is completed and the colour of the tea has changed quite significantly. It looks rather gray and hairy by now, but only until you use it. Once in contact with hot water the leaves will unfold, brighten up and develop an amazing fragrance.

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Bi Luo Chun tea

Tea recommendation: Bi Luo Chun

The name Bi Luo Chun was given by Emperor Kangxi and means “Green Snail Spring”. Of course this is a purely descriptive term for the spiral form of the tea which resembles cooked snail meat. This variety is often described as smooth and fresh tasting with a sweet aftertaste. Unusual for green tea, it has a floral aroma and fruity flavor. In several plantations the tea bushes are grown between fruit trees which enrich the Bi Luo Chun tea with its floral and fruity note. The fruit trees also shield the tea plants from sunlight and elements, keeping the bushes small and its leaves tender. It is an ideal tea to be brewed in a zisha clay teapot.
Good quality Bi Luo Chun has downy white hair and is sorted and roasted the same day it is picked. Young tea leaves are naturally covered by little hair which will show if handled with care during the tea making process. The better grade Bi Luo Chun tea you have the lower the brewing temperature you start with. Normally around 80-85°C (thats 175-185°F) increasing the temperature each time you brew. It can be brewed several times from the same leaves and similar to oolong teas it improves with reuse. It is common to brew the same leaves three to five times, the third or fourth steeping usually being the best. Bi Luo Chun is regarded very highly by Chinese tea connoisseurs. Zhen Jun who lived in the late 19th century, author of tea encyclopedia Cha Shuo, ranked it first among Chinese green tea, before Longjing tea and Liuan Gua Pian. The best Bi Luo Chun is cultivated in Jiangsu province on Dong Shan (East Mountain) near Dong Ting, about 20km south-west of Yixing. Similar tea is also grown in Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces but hey differ in taste (more nutty than fruity) and are generally of lower quality. If you use a zisha clay teapot to brew a fine tea like this it is best to only use the pot for one kind of tea as it is porous and ‘remembers’ the flavor. If you are interested in purchasing authentic Bi Luo Chun tea have a look on the right hand menu under shopping. In one of my next posts I might write some more about the roasting process and how a tea like Bi Luo Chun is made.

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Bi Luo Chun Pottery tea tourism zisha clay

Yixing is truly the chinese pottery capital

To get a few impressions have a look at this video. I hope you enjoy it.

For all of you who can’t visit this beautiful city and its famous pottery market
you can find some interesting links on the right hand side.

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